Do you think you’ve Chlamydia infection? Get tested today at a STD Testing Clinic near you.
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As soon your payment will be done online, you can visit a test center near you.
The best part is you need not to take any prior appointment. Just visit our test center and get tested for Chlamydia infection in just 5 minutes.
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Why is Chlamydia test done?
Chlamydia test is done for:
- Diagnosis of sexually transmitted infection due to Chlamydia infection
- Regular screening of sexually active individual at high risk of infection
- To rule out gonorrhea infection where the symptoms are same as Chlamydia
Who should undergo Chlamydia test?
- Multiple sexual partners
- Gay or bisexual
- Women of age 25 years and younger
- Pregnant women in first and third trimester
- Newborn whose mother is infected with Chlamydia
- Women with abnormal vaginal discharge
- Men having abnormal discharge from penis
- Sexually abused women or men
What is Chlamydia infection?
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. It is a very common sexual transmitted disease (STD) in men and women wherein the infection spreads quickly from one person to another. Chlamydia most often goes unnoticed since there are no immediate symptoms present in an infected person. Hence CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) has recommended Chlamydia test to be done in sexually active people.
What are the symptoms of the infection which direct for Chlamydia test?
Men and women both may have a burning sensation during urination. Women many notice green or yellow color vaginal discharge. Men may have discharge from the penis, with or without swelling of one or both the testicles.
Newborns usually symptoms related to eyes as they catch the infection during the birth. They may have swelling and redness of eyes with discharge.
Which are the Chlamydia tests to detect the infection?
Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) and Chlamydia culture are the diagnostic tools to detect Chlamydia infection.
- Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) identifies the genetic material (DNA) of Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria.
- Chlamydia culture is a method wherein the sample collected is placed in a cup. The bacteria grow in the culture in few days, and the sample is being examined under the microscope.
Which is the preferred method of Chlamydia test?
NAAT is the preferred choice of test for the following reasons:
It is sensitive; this Chlamydia test can detect even a single copy of DNA material.
The results come faster than culture method that takes about 5 to 7 days.
This test only identifies the presence of bacteria but does not detect the bacteria’s’ resistant to antibiotics.
Which samples are required for Chlamydia test?
Urine sample or swab from the infected area (vagina, urethra, penis, anus, throat) or body fluid suspected to contain the bacteria is collected to detect the infection.
Sample from eyes are collected especially in a newborn whose mother is being diagnosed with Chlamydia infection.
What are the precautions taken before taking any sample?
Ensure that the person is not on any kind of antibiotics which can hamper the test results.
The person should abstain from passing urine one or two hours prior to collection of urine sample.
Women should refrain from touching and use vaginal creams before testing the vaginal sample for the bacteria.
How are the samples obtained for Chlamydia test?
Collection of Urine sample:
Only the first part of the urine stream of about 15 to 20 cc is being collected in a clean, sterile container provided by the laboratory.
Collection of urogenital sample.
In females, a speculum is inserted in the vagina to get the clear view of the vaginal canal. Any excess mucous is removed from the cervical os. A collection swab is inserted in endocervical canal and rotated for about 10 to 20 seconds for the specimen.
In males, the swab is inserted for about 2 to 4 cm into the urethra for the collection of the sample.
Collection of Oral Swab:
A swab is rubbed in the posterior part of the throat and tonsillar areas.
Are there any risks involved in Chlamydia test?
The tests being non-invasive have minimum risk involvement. A collection of urine sample is very easy and does not cause any uneasiness to the patient.
A collection of the vaginal swab in women and urethral swab in men may cause slight uneasiness.
Certain females may notice slight cramping due to the speculum inserted in the vagina.
When are the tests results obtained?
Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests (NAAT) give the result within 3 to 5 hours. But as these tests do not detect the antibiotic sensitivity they do not help in determining the treatment protocol.
It takes about 5 to 7 days to obtain the test results from a culture.
What does the test results signify?
The presence of DNA material of the bacteria and the growth of the bacteria in culture signifies positive test for the infection.
When there is no DNA found and/or no bacterium grows in the culture it means negative test for the infection.
A negative test does not rule out chances of re-infection. High-risk persons should be screened for the infection on a regular basis.
The absence of Chlamydia bacteria in the test sample also indicate to check out for the other causes of the symptoms resembling Chlamydia. Many a times other sexually transmitted infections co-exist with Chlamydia.
What are the precautions to be taken in case of positive Chlamydia test?
- Complete abstinence from any sexual activity
- Follow a proper treatment protocol advised by health care provider